References of Triad Related Research

To view references published for any given year, click on the year you are interested in, as listed below. All references listed are those listed on PubMed Central.

2014
2013
2012
2011
2010
2009
2008
2007
2006
2005

2014

2014 Female Athlete Triad Coalition Consensus Statement on Treatment and Return to Play of the Female Athlete Triad: 1st International Conference Held in San Francisco, CA, May 2012, and 2nd International Conference Held in Indianapolis, IN, May 2013.

De Souza MJ, Nattiv A, Joy E, Misra M, Williams NI, Mallinson RJ, Gibbs JC, Olmsted M, Goolsby M, Matheson G.

Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine. 2014 Mar;24(2):96-119.

Higher Incidence of Bone Stress Injuries With Increasing Female Athlete Triad-Related Risk Factors: A Prospective Multisite Study of Exercising Girls and Women.

Barrack MT, Gibbs JC, De Souza MJ, Williams NI, Nichols JF, Rauh MJ, Nattiv A.

The American Journal of Sports Medicine. 2014 Feb 24. [Epub ahead of print]

The LEAF questionnaire: a screening tool for the identification of female athletes at risk for the female athlete triad.

Melin A, Tornberg AB, Skouby S, Faber J, Ritz C, Sjödin A, Sundgot-Borgen J.

British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2014 Feb 21. [Epub ahead of print]

An isolated iliac wing stress fracture in a marathon runner.

Amorosa LF, Serota AC, Berman N, Lorich DG.

The American Journal of Orthopedics (Belle Mead NJ). 2014 Feb;43(2):74-7.

Bone mineral density, rib pain and other features of the female athlete triad in elite lightweight rowers.

Dimitriou L, Weiler R, Lloyd-Smith R, Turner A, Heath L, James N, Reid A.

British Medical Journal Open. 2014 Feb 12;4(2):e004369.

2014 Female Athlete Triad Coalition Consensus Statement on Treatment and Return to Play of the Female Athlete Triad: 1st International Conference held in San Francisco, California, May 2012 and 2nd International Conference held in Indianapolis, Indiana, May 2013.

De Souza MJ, Nattiv A, Joy E, Misra M, Williams NI, Mallinson RJ, Gibbs JC, Olmsted M, Goolsby M, Matheson G; Expert Panel.

British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2014 Feb;48(4):289.

Gender Differences in High School Coaches’ Knowledge, Attitudes, and Communication About theFemale Athlete Triad.

Kroshus E, Sherman RT, Thompson RA, Sossin K, Austin SB.

Eating Disorders. 2014 Jan 23. [Epub ahead of print]

Low bone density risk is higher in exercising women with multiple triad risk factors.

Gibbs JC, Nattiv A, Barrack MT, Williams NI, Rauh MJ, Nichols JF, De Souza MJ.

Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. 2014 Jan;46(1):167-76.

Low bone density risk is higher in exercising women with multiple triad risk factors.

Gibbs JC, Nattiv A, Barrack MT, Williams NI, Rauh MJ, Nichols JF, De Souza MJ.

Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. 2014 Jan;46(1):167-76. 



2013

Female athlete triad for the primary care pediatrician.

House S, Loud K, Shubkin C.

Current Opinion in Pediatrics. 2013 Dec;25(6):755-61.

The female athlete triad: a case series and narrative overview.

Laframboise MA, Borody C, Stern P.

Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association. 2013 Dec;57(4):316-26.

Eating disorders and bone.

Tomlinson D, Morgan SL.

Journal of Clinical Densitometry. 2013 Oct-Dec;16(4):432-8. Review

Everything in moderation: what the female athlete triad teaches us about energy balance.

Kransdorf LN, Vegunta S, Files JA.

Journal of Women’s Health (Larchmt). 2013 Sep;22(9):790-2. Epub 2013 Aug 9.

Female athlete triad and its components: toward improved screening and management.

Javed A, Tebben PJ, Fischer PR, Lteif AN.

Mayo Clinic Proceedings. 2013 Sep;88(9):996-1009. Review

Effects of physical exercise on the female reproductive system.

Orio F, Muscogiuri G, Ascione A, Marciano F, Volpe A, La Sala G, Savastano S, Colao A, Palomba S.

Minerva Endocrinologica. 2013 Sep;38(3):305-19. Review

Correlation of MRI grading of bone stress injuries with clinical risk factors and return to play: a 5-year prospective study in collegiate track and field athletes.

Nattiv A, Kennedy G, Barrack MT, Abdelkerim A, Goolsby MA, Arends JC, Seeger LL.

The American Journal of Sports Medicine. 2013 Aug;41(8):1930-41.

Energy availability, menstrual dysfunction and bone health in sports; an overview of the female athlete triad.

Márquez S, Molinero O.

Nutrición Hospitalaria. 2013 Jul-Aug;28(4):1010-7.

Update on the female athlete triad.

Barrack MT, Ackerman KE, Gibbs JC.

Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine. 2013 Jun;6(2):195-204.

Update on stress fractures in female athletes: epidemiology, treatment, and prevention.

Chen YT, Tenforde AS, Fredericson M.

Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine. 2013 Jun;6(2):173-81.

Long term consequences of the female athlete triad.

Thein-Nissenbaum J.

Maturitas. 2013 Jun;75(2):107-12. Review.

The prevalence of disordered eating and possible health consequences in adolescent female tennis players from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Coelho GM, de Farias ML, de Mendonça LM, de Mello DB, Lanzillotti HS, Ribeiro BG, Soares Ede A.

Appetite. 2013 May;64:39-47.

Recognition and rehabilitation of the female athlete triad/tetrad: a multidisciplinary approach.

Temme KE, Hoch AZ.

Current Sports Medicine Reports. 2013 May-Jun;12(3):190-9.

Prevalence of individual and combined components of the female athlete triad.

Gibbs JC, Williams NI, De Souza MJ.

Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. 2013 May;45(5):985-96. Review.

Eating disorders in athletes: overview of prevalence, risk factors and recommendations for prevention and treatment.

Bratland-Sanda S, Sundgot-Borgen J.

European Journal of Sport Science. 2013;13(5):499-508

Changes in energy availability across the season in Division I female soccer players.

Reed JL, De Souza MJ, Williams NI.

Journal of Sports Science and Medicine. 2013;31(3):314-24. Epub 2012 Oct 18.

Disordered eating among adolescent female swimmers: dietary, biochemical, and body composition factors.

da Costa NF, Schtscherbyna A, Soares EA, Ribeiro BG.

Nutrition. 2013 Jan;29(1):172-7.



2012

Weight down, bilirubin up/weight up, bilirubin down: the strange case of the malnourished adolescent.

Silber TJ.

Adolescent Medicine: State of the Art Reviews. 2012 Aug;23(2):349-53. Review.

A displaced femoral neck stress fracture in an amenorrheic adolescent female runner.

Goolsby MA, Barrack MT, Nattiv A.

Sports Health. 2012 Jul;4(4):352-6.

The female athlete triad.

Nazem TG, Ackerman KE.

Sports Health. 2012 Jul;4(4):302-11.

Clinical manifestations of the female athlete triad among some Iranian athletes.

Movaseghi S, Dadgostar H, Dahaghin S, Chimeh N, Alenabi T, Dadgostar E, Davatchi F.

Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. 2012 May;44(5):958-65. Erratum in Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. 2012 Sep;44(9):1825.

The female athlete triad.

Deimel JF, Dunlap BJ.

Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine. 2012 Apr;31(2):247-54. Review.

Energy deficiency, menstrual disturbances, and low bone mass: what do exercising Australian women know about the female athlete triad?

Miller SM, Kukuljan S, Turner AI, van der Pligt P, Ducher G.

International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism. 2012 Apr;22(2):131-8.

Bone Mineral Changes and Cardiovascular Effects among Female Athletes with Chronic Menstrual Dysfunction.

Soleimany G, Dadgostar H, Lotfian S, Moradi-Lakeh M, Dadgostar E, Movaseghi S.

Asian Journal of Sports Medicine. 2012 Mar;3(1):53-8.

Female athlete triad screening in National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I athletes: is the preparticipation evaluation form effective?

Mencias T, Noon M, Hoch AZ.

Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine. 2012 Mar;22(2):122-5.

Is the pill the answer for patients with the female athlete triad?

Joy E.

Current Sports Medicine Reports. 2012 Mar-Apr;11(2):54-5.

Energy deficiency, menstrual disturbances and low bone mass: What do Australian exercising females know about the female athlete triad?

Kyriazis SM, Kukuljan S, Turner AI, van der Pligt P, Ducher G.

International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism. 2012 Feb 15. [Epub ahead of print]

[Energy balance, body composition and the female athlete triad syndrome].

Weinstein Y, Weinstein A.

Harefuah. 2012 Feb;151(2):97-101, 127, 126. Review. Hebrew.

Can we reduce eating disorder risk factors in female college athletes? A randomized exploratory investigation of two peer-led interventions.

Becker CB, McDaniel L, Bull S, Powell M, McIntyre K.

Body Image. 2012 Jan;9(1):31-42.

Menstrual irregularity and musculoskeletal injury in female high school athletes.

Thein-Nissenbaum JM, Rauh MJ, Carr KE, Loud KJ, McGuine TA

Journal of Athletic Training. 2012 Jan-Feb;47(1):74-82.



2011

Eating disorders.

Goldstein MA, Dechant EJ, Beresin EV. Review.

Pediatrics in Review. 2011 Dec;32(12):508-21.

Female athlete triad syndrome in the high school athlete.

Thein-Nissenbaum JM, Carr KE.

Physical Therapy in Sport. 2011 Aug;12(3):108-16. Epub 2011 Jul 13. Review.

Advances in management of the female athlete triad and eating disorders.

Zach KN, Smith Machin AL, Hoch AZ.

Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine. 2011 Jul;30(3):551-73.

Obstacles in the optimization of bone health outcomes in the female athlete triad.

Ducher G, Turner AI, Kukuljan S, Pantano KJ, Carlson JL, Williams NI, De Souza MJ.

Sports Med. 2011 Jul 1;41(7):587-607. Review.

Development and evaluation of an educational intervention program for pre-professional adolescent ballet dancers: nutrition for optimal performance.

Doyle-Lucas AF, Davy BM.

Journal of Dance Medicine & Science. 2011 Jun;15(2):65-75.

ACSM Clinician Profile.

Joy EA.

Current Sports Medicine Reports. 2011 May-Jun;10(3):121.

Too much of a good thing: female athlete triad.

Powell L.

Missouri Medicine Journal. 2011 May-Jun;108(3):176-8.

The female athlete triad and endothelial dysfunction.

Lanser EM, Zach KN, Hoch AZ.

Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 2011 May;3(5):458-65. Review.

Significance of electrocardiographic right bundle branch block in trained athletes.

Kim JH, Noseworthy PA, McCarty D, Yared K, Weiner R, Wang F, Wood MJ, Hutter AM, Picard MH, Baggish AL.

American Journal of Cardiology. 2011 Apr 1;107(7):1083-9.

The female athlete triad: patients do best with a team approach to care.

Warr BJ, Woolf K.

Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants. 2011 Apr;24(4):50-5. Review. Erratum in: JAAPA. 2011 Jun;24(6):14.

Association between the female athlete triad and endothelial dysfunction in dancers.

Hoch AZ, Papanek P, Szabo A, Widlansky ME, Schimke JE, Gutterman DD.

Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine. 2011 Mar;21(2):119-25.

Associations between disordered eating, menstrual dysfunction, and musculoskeletal injury among high school athletes.

Thein-Nissenbaum JM, Rauh MJ, Carr KE, Loud KJ, McGuine TA.

Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy. 2011 Feb;41(2):60-9.

Bone health and the female athlete triad in adolescent athletes.

Ackerman KE, Misra M.

Physician and Sportsmedicine. 2011 Feb;39(1):131-41. Review.

Analysis of stress fractures in athletes based on our clinical experience.

Iwamoto J, Sato Y, Takeda T, Matsumoto H.

World Journal of Orthopaedics. 2011 Jan 18;2(1):7-12.

DXA surrogates for visceral fat are inversely associated with bone density measures in adolescent athletes with menstrual dysfunction.

Ackerman KE, Davis B, Jacoby L, Misra M.

Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism. 2011;24(7-8):497-504.

Physiology of elite young female athletes.

McManus AM, Armstrong N.

Medicine and Sport Science. 2011;56:23-46. Epub 2010 Dec 21. Review.



2010

Are female athletes at increased risk for disordered eating and its complications?

Coelho GM, Soares Ede A, Ribeiro BG.

Appetite. 2010 Dec;55(3):379-87. Epub 2010 Aug 13. Review.

Understanding the spectrum of the female athlete triad.

Witkop CT, Warren MP.

Obstetrics & Gynecology. 2010 Dec;116(6):1444-8.

[Increased morbidity risk in female athletes].

Olesen AG, Clausen HV, Skouby SO, Ottsen A, Peen A.

Ugeskr Laeger. 2010 Nov 8;172(45):3105-10. Danish.

Disordered eating, menstrual disturbances, and low bone mineral density in dancers: a systematic review.

Hincapié CA, Cassidy JD.

Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 2010 Nov;91(11):1777-1789.e1. Review.

The female athlete.

Boles CA, Ferguson C.

Radiologic Clinics of North America. 2010 Nov;48(6):1249-66. Review.

Bone-mineral density and other features of the female athlete triad in elite endurance runners: a longitudinal and cross-sectional observational study.

Pollock N, Grogan C, Perry M, Pedlar C, Cooke K, Morrissey D, Dimitriou L.

International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism. 2010 Oct;20(5):418-26.

Aspects of disordered eating continuum in elite high-intensity sports.

Sundgot-Borgen J, Torstveit MK.

Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports. 2010 Oct;20 Suppl 2:112-21. Review.

Pathophysiology of bone loss in the female athlete.

Lambrinoudaki I, Papadimitriou D.

Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 2010 Sep;1205:45-50. Review.

Give your sports physicals a performance boost.

Womack J.

The Journal of Family Practice. 2010 Aug;59(8):437-44.

The female runner: gender specifics.

Lynch SL, Hoch AZ.

Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine. 2010 Jul;29(3):477-98. Review.

The adolescent female athlete: current concepts and conundrums.

Greydanus DE, Omar H, Pratt HD.

Pediatric Clinics of North America. 2010 Jun;57(3):697-718. Review.

Relationships among injury and disordered eating, menstrual dysfunction, and low bone mineral density in high school athletes: a prospective study.

Rauh MJ, Nichols JF, Barrack MT.

Journal of Athletic Training. 2010 May-Jun;45(3):243-52.

Sports-related injuries in the young female athlete.

Colvin AC, Lynn A.

Mount Sinai Journal of Medicine. 2010 May-Jun;77(3):307-14. Review.

[Musculoskeletal rehabilitation and bone. Abnormal bone metabolism in female elite athletes].

Enatsu A.

Clinical Calcium. 2010 Apr;20(4):543-50. Review. Japanese.

A displaced stress fracture of the femoral neck in an adolescent female distance runner with female athlete triad: A case report.

Okamoto S, Arai Y, Hara K, Tsuzihara T, Kubo T.

Sports Medicine Arthroscopy Rehabilitation Therapy & Technology. 2010 Mar 5;2:6.

Anorexia, bulimia, and the female athlete triad: evaluation and management.

Mendelsohn FA, Warren MP.

Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinics of North America. 2010 Mar;39(1):155-67, x.

Energetic efficiency, menstrual irregularity, and bone mineral density in elite professional female ballet dancers.

Doyle-Lucas AF, Akers JD, Davy BM.

Journal of Dance Medicine & Science. 2010;14(4):146-54.

Polycystic ovary syndrome and estrogen metabolism in female athletes.

De Crée C.

Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. 2010 Jan;42(1):216.

 

2009

The young female athlete.

Hurvitz M, Weiss R.

Pediatric Endocrinology Reviews. 2009 Dec;7(2):43-9. Review.

Basketball injuries in children.

Gaca AM.

Pediatric Radiology. 2009 Dec;39(12):1275-85.

Going for the gold: 2009 Ryley-Jeffs memorial lecture.

Langley S.

Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research. 2009 Autumn;70(3):155-9.

Prevalence of the female athlete triad in high school athletes and sedentary students.

Hoch AZ, Pajewski NM, Moraski L, Carrera GF, Wilson CR, Hoffmann RG, Schimke JE, Gutterman DD.

Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine. 2009 Sep;19(5):421-8

Injuries and medical issues in synchronized Olympic sports.

Mountjoy M.

Current Sports Medicine Reports. 2009 Sep-Oct;8(5):255-61. Review.

[Female athlete triad].

Portmann L, Giusti V.

Revue Médicale Suisse. 2009 Aug 5;5(212):1555-9. French.

Nutritional knowledge and eating behaviors of female, collegiate swimmers.

Hoogenboom BJ, Morris J, Morris C, Schaefer K.

North American Journal of Sports Physical Therapy. 2009 Aug;4(3):139-48.

The relation between athletic sports and prevalence of amenorrhea and oligomenorrhea in Iranian female athletes.

Dadgostar H, Razi M, Aleyasin A, Alenabi T, Dahaghin S.

Sports Medicine Arthroscopy Rehabilitation Therapy & Technology. 2009 Jul 30;1(1):16.

Nutritional composition in different training stages in young female athletes (swimming) and association with leptin, IGF-1 and estradiol.

Zietz B, Schnabl S, Nerlich M, Schoelmerich J, Schaeffler A.

Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes. 2009 Jun;117(6):283-8. Epub 2008 Oct 1.

Hyperandrogenism may explain reproductive dysfunction in olympic athletes.

Hagmar M, Berglund B, Brismar K, Hirschberg AL.

Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. 2009 Jun;41(6):1241-8.

Female athlete triad in elite swimmers of the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Schtscherbyna A, Soares EA, de Oliveira FP, Ribeiro BG.

Nutrition. 2009 Jun;25(6):634-9. Epub 2009 Feb 20.

Femoral neck stress fracture complicated by deep venous thrombosis and complex regional pain syndrome: a case report.

Feldman AB, Saint-Phard D.

Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 2009 Jun;1(6):584-6. Epub 2009 Apr 11.

Bone health: part 1, nutrition.

Lorincz C, Manske SL, Zernicke R.

Sports Health. 2009 May;1(3):253-60.

Health-related concerns of the female athlete: a lifespan approach.

Joy EA, Van Hala S, Cooper L.

American Family Physician. 2009 Mar 15;79(6):489-95.

Sports and performing arts medicine: 5. Special populations.

Willick S, Akau CK, Harrast MA, Storm SA, Finnoff JT.

Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 2009 Mar;1(3 Suppl):S78-82. Review.

Strategies used by physical therapists in the U.S. for treatment and prevention of the female athlete triad.

Pantano KJ.

Physical Therapy in Sport. 2009 Feb;10(1):3-11. Epub 2008 Dec 19.

The female athlete triad among elite Malaysian athletes: prevalence and associated factors.

Quah YV, Poh BK, Ng LO, Noor MI.

Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2009;18(2):200-8.

Longitudinal assessment of noncontact anterior cruciate ligament injury risk factors during maturation in a female athlete: a case report.

Myer GD, Ford KR, Divine JG, Wall EJ, Kahanov L, Hewett TE.

Journal of Athletic Training. 2009 Jan-Feb;44(1):101-9. 

 

2008

Female athlete triad in monozygotic twins.

Hind K, Truscott J, Carroll S.

Physician and Sportsmedicine. 2008 Dec;36(1):119-24.

Clinical inquiries. What’s the best way to manage athletes with amenorrhea?

Gamboa S, Gaskie S, Atlas M, VanZant R.

The Journal of Family Practice. 2008 Nov;57(11):749-50. Review.

[Stress fracture in an elite athlete carrying weights].

Prietzel H.

Ugeskr Laeger. 2008 Oct 20;170(43):3447; author reply 3448. Danish.

Stress fractures and stress reactions of the diaphyseal femur in collegiate athletes: an analysis of 25 cases.

Koenig SJ, Toth AP, Bosco JA.

The American Journal of Orthopedics (Belle Mead NJ). 2008 Sep;37(9):476-80.

[Eating disorders in sports: risk factors, health consequences, treatment and prevention].

Márquez S.

Nutrición Hospitalaria. 2008 May-Jun;23(3):183-90. Review. Spanish.

Prevalence of eating disorders and the predictive power of risk models in female elite athletes: a controlled study.

Torstveit MK, Rosenvinge JH, Sundgot-Borgen J.

Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports. 2008 Feb;18(1):108-18. Epub 2007 May 9.

Exercise-induced amenorrhea and bone health in the adolescent athlete.

Warren MP, Chua AT.

Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 2008;1135:244-52. Review.

Sports injuries in women: sex- and gender-based differences in etiology and prevention.

Templeton KJ, Hame SL, Hannafin JA, Griffin LY, Tosi LL, Shields NN.

Instructional Course Lectures. 2008;57:539-52. Review.

National athletic trainers’ association position statement: preventing, detecting, and managing disordered eating in athletes.

Bonci CM, Bonci LJ, Granger LR, Johnson CL, Malina RM, Milne LW, Ryan RR, Vanderbunt EM.

Journal of Athletic Training. 2008 Jan-Mar;43(1):80-108. Review.

Recovery of bone mineral density and fertility in a former amenorrheic athlete.

Hind K.

Journal of Sports Science and Medicine. 2008 Sep 1;7(3):415-8. eCollection 2008.

 

2007

The female athlete triad: what’s a doctor to do?

Lebrun CM.

Current Sports Medicine Reports. 2007 Dec;6(6):397-404. Review.

Rapid rehabilitation programme following sacral stress fracture in a long-distance running female athlete.

Knobloch K, Schreibmueller L, Jagodzinski M, Zeichen J, Krettek C.

Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery. 2007 Nov;127(9):809-13. Epub 2006 Aug 12.

New animal model opens opportunities for research on the female athlete triad.

Loucks AB.

Journal of Applied Physiology (1985). 2007 Nov;103(5):1467-8. Epub 2007 Aug 23.

Modified activity-stress paradigm in an animal model of the female athlete triad.

Dimarco NM, Dart L, Sanborn CB.

Journal of Applied Physiology (1985). 2007 Nov;103(5):1469-78. Epub 2007 Aug 9.

The female adolescent athlete: specific concerns.

Benjamin HJ.

Pediatric Annals. 2007 Nov;36(11):719-26. Review.

[Eating disorders in sports--sport in eating disorders].

Resch M.

Orvosi Hetilap. 2007 Oct 7;148(40):1899-902. Review. Hungarian.

The components of the female athlete triad do not identify all physically active females at risk.

Burrows M, Shepherd H, Bird S, MacLeod K, Ward B.

Journal of Sports Sciences. 2007 Oct;25(12):1289-97.

American College of Sports Medicine position stand. The female athlete triad.

Nattiv A, Loucks AB, Manore MM, Sanborn CF, Sundgot-Borgen J, Warren MP; American College of Sports Medicine.

Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. 2007 Oct;39(10):1867-82.

Assessment of nutritional knowledge in female athletes susceptible to the Female Athlete Triad syndrome.

Raymond-Barker P, Petroczi A, Quested E.

Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology. 2007 Sep 27;2:10.

Characteristics of the female athlete triad in collegiate cross-country runners.

Thompson SH.

The Journal of American College Health. 2007 Sep-Oct;56(2):129-36.

The female football player, disordered eating, menstrual function and bone health.

Sundgot-Borgen J, Torstveit MK.

British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2007 Aug;41 Suppl 1:i68-72. Epub 2007 Jul 3. Review.

The female athlete triad and cardiovascular dysfunction.

Hoch AZ, Lal S, Jurva JW, Gutterman DD.

Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation Clinics of North America. 2007 Aug;18(3):385-400, vii-viii. Review.

Bone mineral density in collegiate female athletes: comparisons among sports.

Mudd LM, Fornetti W, Pivarnik JM.

Journal of Athletic Training. 2007 Jul-Sep;42(3):403-8.

Drive for thinness score is a proxy indicator of energy deficiency in exercising women.

De Souza MJ, Hontscharuk R, Olmsted M, Kerr G, Williams NI.

Appetite. 2007 May;48(3):359-67. Epub 2006 Dec 20.

Prevalence of female athlete triad characteristics in a club triathlon team.

Hoch AZ, Stavrakos JE, Schimke JE.

Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 2007 May;88(5):681-2.

Medical management of the athlete: evaluation and treatment of important issues in sports medicine.

Ting JH, Wallis DH.

Clinics in Podiatric Medicine And Surgery. 2007 Apr;24(2):127-58. Review.

Clinician practices for the management of amenorrhea in the adolescent and young adult athlete.

Carlson JL, Curtis M, Halpern-Felsher B.

Journal of Adolescent Health. 2007 Apr;40(4):362-5. Epub 2007 Feb 5.

Correction of misinterpretations and misrepresentations of the female athlete triad.

De Souza MJ, Alleyne J, Vescovi JD, Williams NI, VanHeest JL, Warren MP.

British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2007 Jan;41(1):58-9.

Refutation of “the myth of the female athlete triad”.

Loucks AB.

British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2007 Jan;41(1):55-7; author reply 57-8.

Female athlete triad update.

Beals KA, Meyer NL.

Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine. 2007 Jan;26(1):69-89. Review.

The female athlete triad: components, nutrition issues, and health consequences.

Manore MM, Kam LC, Loucks AB; International Association of Athletics Federations.

Journal of Sports Sciences. 2007;25 Suppl 1:S61-71. Review. Erratum in: Journal of Sports Sciences. 2009 Apr;27(6):667.

Bone density and young athletic women. An update.

Nichols DL, Sanborn CF, Essery EV.

Sports Medicine. 2007;37(11):1001-14. Review.

 

2006

The relationship between perfectionism, eating disorders and athletes: a review.

Forsberg S, Lock J.

Minerva Pediatrica. 2006 Dec;58(6):525-36. Review.

Effects of sports training in adolescence on growth, puberty and bone health.

Bertelloni S, Ruggeri S, Baroncelli GI.

Gynecological Endocrinology. 2006 Nov;22(11):605-12.

Current knowledge, perceptions, and interventions used by collegiate coaches in the u.s. Regarding the prevention and treatment of the female athlete triad.

Pantano KJ.

North American Journal Of Sport Physical Therapy. 2006 Nov;1(4):195-207.

The female athlete triad: do female athletes need to take special care to avoid low energy availability?

Loucks AB, Stachenfeld NS, DiPietro L.

Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. 2006 Oct;38(10):1694-700.

Female athlete triad and stress fractures.

Feingold D, Hame SL.

Orthopedic Clinics of North America. 2006 Oct;37(4):575-83. Review.

Awareness and comfort in treating the Female Athlete Triad: are we failing our athletes?

Troy K, Hoch AZ, Stavrakos JE.

Wisconsin Medical Journal. 2006 Oct;105(7):21-4.

The myth of the female athlete triad.

DiPietro L, Stachenfeld NS.

British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2006 Jun;40(6):490-3.

Special nutritional concerns for the female athlete.

Gabel KA.

Current Sports Medicine Reports. 2006 Jun;5(4):187-91. Review.

Female athlete triad errors and misunderstandings.

Williams NI, De Souza MJ.

Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. 2006 May;38(5):1021; author reply 1022.

Methodological problems in studying the female athlete triad.

Loucks AB.

Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. 2006 May;38(5):1020; author reply 1022

Practical use of the International Olympic Committee Medical Commission Position Stand on the Female Athlete Triad: a case example.

Sherman RT, Thompson RA.

International Journal of Eating Disorders. 2006 Apr;39(3):193-201.

The female athlete triad myth.

DiPietro L, Stachenfeld NS.

Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. 2006 Apr;38(4):795; author reply 796.

Prevalence of the female athlete triad syndrome among high school athletes.

Nichols JF, Rauh MJ, Lawson MJ, Ji M, Barkai HS.

Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine. 2006 Feb;160(2):137-42.

The prevalence of disordered eating, menstrual dysfunction, and low bone mineral density among US collegiate athletes.

Beals KA, Hill AK.

International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism. 2006 Feb;16(1):1-23.

Evaluation and treatment of tibial stress fractures.

Young AJ, McAllister DR.

Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine. 2006 Jan;25(1):117-28, x. Review.

The female athlete triad.

Lerand SJ, Williams JF.

Pediatrics in Review. 2006 Jan;27(1):e12-3. Review. 

 

2005

Stress fractures in the female athlete.

Joy EA, Campbell D.

Current Sports Medicine Reports. 2005 Dec;4(6):323-8. Review.

Use of the preparticipation physical exam in screening for the female athlete triad among high school athletes.

De La Torre DM, Snell BJ.

The Journal of School Nursing. 2005 Dec;21(6):340-5.

Prevalence of the female athlete triad in edirne, Turkey.

Vardar SA, Vardar E, Altun GD, Kurt C, Oztürk L.

Journal of Sports Science and Medicine. 2005 Dec 1;4(4):550-5. eCollection 2005 Dec.

Essay: The female athlete triad.

Loucks AB, Nattiv A.

The Lancet. 2005 Dec;366 Suppl 1:S49-50.

Female athlete triad. Each of the following statements about treatment for menstrual disturbances and decreased bone mineral density in female athletes is true except.

[No authors listed]

Canadian Family Physician. 2005 Oct;51:1338, 1344-5.

The female athlete and menstrual function.

Goodman LR, Warren MP.

Current Opinion in Obstetrics and Gynecology. 2005 Oct;17(5):466-70. Review.

Use of the preparticipation physical examination form to screen for the female athlete triad in Canadian interuniversity sport universities.

Rumball JS, Lebrun CM.

Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine. 2005 Sep;15(5):320-5.

Nutrient intakes of men and women collegiate athletes with disordered eating.

Hinton PS, Beck NC.

Journal of Sports Science and Medicine. 2005 Sep 1;4(3):253-62. eCollection 2005 Sep 1.

The female athlete triad revisited.

Di Pietro L, Stachenfeld N, Pierce JB.

Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. 2005 Sep;37(9):1643; author reply 1644.

Normalization of bone density in a previously amenorrheic runner with osteoporosis.

Fredericson M, Kent K.

Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. 2005 Sep;37(9):1481-6.

The female athlete triad exists in both elite athletes and controls.

Torstveit MK, Sundgot-Borgen J.

Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. 2005 Sep;37(9):1449-59.

Stress fractures and knee injuries in runners.

Hoch AZ, Pepper M, Akuthota V.

Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation Clinics of North America. 2005 Aug;16(3):749-77. Review.

Issues unique to the female runner.

Prather H, Hunt D.

Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation Clinics of North America. 2005 Aug;16(3):691-709. Review.

Female athlete triad.

Brunet M 2nd.

Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine. 2005 Jul;24(3):623-36, ix. Review.

Early identification and interventions for female athlete triad.

Waldrop J.

Journal of Pediatric Health Care. 2005 Jul-Aug;19(4):213-20. Review.

Prevalence of Disordered-Eating Behaviors in Undergraduate Female Collegiate Athletes and Nonathletes.

Reinking MF, Alexander LE.

Journal of Athletic Training. 2005 Mar;40(1):47-51.

Sports medicine and the adolescent female.

Hagen TJ.

Journal of Pediatric & Adolescent Gynecology. 2005 Feb;18(1):9-15. Review.

The female athlete triad: are elite athletes at increased risk?

Torstveit MK, Sundgot-Borgen J.

Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. 2005 Feb;37(2):184-93.

Menstrual disorders in the college age female.

Adams Hillard PJ, Deitch HR.

Pediatric Clinics of North America. 2005 Feb;52(1):179-97, ix-x. Review.

Female athlete triad.

Birch K.

British Medical Journal. 2005 Jan 29;330(7485):244-6. Review.

Rowing injuries.

Rumball JS, Lebrun CM, Di Ciacca SR, Orlando K.

Sports Medicine. 2005;35(6):537-55.

Altered hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian axis function in young female athletes: implications and recommendations for management.

Stafford DE.

Treatments in Endocrinology. 2005;4(3):147-54. Review.